Thomas de Waal “Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War”, 2003

“Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War”

New York University Press 2003
By Thomas de Waal

In his book “Black Garden” Thomas de Waal tries to recreate the events of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict since 1988.  De Waal mainly base his book on interviews and archival documents.

Many evaluate this book as a balanced view of the conflict. However, the book “Black Garden” is also well criticized for creating an artificial balance at the expense of correct facts and findings. So, this book is an interesting one to read, however be careful when using it as a source and double-check all references.


Author’s Note
Two Maps of the South Caucasus and of Nagorny Karabakh
Introduction: Crossing the Line
1 February 1988: An Armenian Revolt
2 February 1988: Azerbaijan: Puzzlement and Pogroms
3 Shusha: The Neighbors’ Tale
4 1988–1989: An Armenian Crisis
5 Yerevan: Mysteries of the East
6 1988–1990: An Azerbaijani Tragedy
7 Baku: An Eventful History
8 1990–1991: A Soviet Civil War
9 Divisions: A Twentieth-Century Story
10 Hurekavank: The Unpredictable Past
11 August 1991–May 1992: War Breaks Out
12 Shusha: The Last Citadel
13 June 1992–September 1993: Escalation
14 Sabirabad: The Children’s Republic
15 September 1993–May 1994: Exhaustion
16 Stepanakert: A State Apart
17 1994–2001: No War, No Peace
Conclusion: Sadakhlo: The Future
Appendix 1: Statistics
Appendix 2: Chronology
About the Author