Jan 012004
 

“The Karabakh Problem: The Thorny Road to Freedom and Independence”

Second, revised edition, “Zangak-97” Press, 2004
By Nikolay Hovhannisyan

In this second, revised edition the attention is focused on the reasons of forcibly attachment of Karabakh to Azerbaijan, to a state, which did not exist in history as a state until 1918, and which was a violation of self-determination right of Karabakh Armenians. The author emphasized the importance of new approaches to the resolution of Karabakh conflict taking into account new political, military and legal realities. It also underlines the lawful right of this ancient Armenian native land for union with motherland Armenia or for state independence.
In a special chapter the author reviewed and evaluated several variants of the Karabakh conflict resolution, proposed by different international organizations, policy makers or scholars, including the last suggestions made in the framework of the OSCE Minsk group.

FILE: Nikolay Hovhannisyan “The Karabakh Problem: The Thorny Road to Freedom and Independence” 2004


Content

INTRODUCTION

THE FIRST ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICT IN THE EX-SOVIET SPACE

 

CHAPTER ONE

GEOGRAPHIC, ETHNOCULTURAL AND HISTORICAL FACTORS OF NAGORNO-KARABAKH SELF-DETERMINATION MOVEMENT

Name of the Area as One of the Factors of Ethnic Belonging

Geographical Factor

Population and the Demographic Factor

History or Historical Factor

 

CHAPTER TWO

EMERGENCE OF THE KARABAKH ISSUE

The Azerbaijan’s Territorial Claims

Interference of Turkey

The British Military Mission’s Interference

The Soviet Russia’s Position and Actions

 

CHAPTER THREE

THE KARABAKH’S FORCIBLE ATTACHMENT TO AZERBAIJAN

Decisions of the Caucasian Bureau on the Karabakh Problem. A Farce of “Anti-Colonialist” Policy of Communists

The Reasons of Forcible Attachment of Karabakh to Azerbaijan

 

CHAPTER FOUR

NAGORNO-KARABAKH AUTONOMOUS OBLAST (NKAO) IN 1923-1988. POLICY OF “KARABAKH WITHOUT ARMENIANS”

 

CHAPTER FIVE

NAGORNO-KARABAKH’S FORMAL DEMAND ON TRANSFER TO ARMENIA

Decision of the Extraordinary Session of NKAO

Response of Azerbaijan, the Soviet Government and Armenia to the NKAO’s Decision

 

CHAPTER SIX

AZERBAIJANI AGGRESSION ON KARABAKH. THE FIRST PHASE

 

CHAPTER SEVEN

PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENT NAGORNO-KARABAKH REPUBLIC

Collapse of the Soviet Union and the Legal Base of Formation of Independent Republics

Proclamation of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

The Second Phase o f Azerbaijani Aggression. Military Defeat of Azerbaijan

 

CHAPTER EIGHT

CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT

Necessity of Cease-fire for the Parties Involved in the Conflict

The Yeltsin-Nazarbaev Initiatives

The USA Position

The Turkey’s Strategic Interests

The Iranian Mediation

The Cease-Fire Agreement. May 12, 1994

Reinforcement of the NKR Statehood

 

CHAPTER NINE

CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-DETERMINATION RIGHT AND PRINCIPLE OF TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY

 

CHAPTER TEN

VARIANTS OF SOLUTION OF THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH PROBLEM

The Azerbaijani Position

Position of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

Position of Armenia

“Package” and “Phase” or “Step by Step” Solution

Territorial Swap

Associate Statehood

Synthesis Option

Cyprus Model

The Chechen Variant

Nagorno-Karabakh as Independent State

Status of Neutrality